When Technology can effect human lives – it can be implemented in preservation and tracking of wildlife. Maharashtra will get the advance electronic surveillance system for tigers. State Govt has approved 50 high – resolution tower-mounted cameras that will track animal movement and prevent poaching in Tadoba Tiger Reserve. It also would help avoid Man – animal conflict by forewarning villagers in the area.
The above decision is taken by the state govt after understanding the density of tigers in Vidharbha and Chandrapur area in Maharashtra. This is going to be big help for Jungle authorities to study and understand the animal behavior in much unobtrusive manner.
Tadoba Tiger reserve is spread over 625 sq km core area and 1100 sq km buffer. As of now 72 tigers roam in Tadoba and another 50 big cats in Chandrapur area. The best part is that this is scalable solution. If required, it can be installed in buffer areas as required. The idea is taken from movies – one control room getting feed from whole city for the surveillance. The network of 52 towers with cameras would monitor wildlife and intruders real-time round the clock. This will keep the landscape secure, prevent poaching and help understand wildlife behavior in an undisturbed manner added by Praveen Srivastava – Additional principal chief conservator of forests ( IT and Policy ) Maharashtra.
These Cameras can be zoomed 30 times remotely controlled and equipped with night vision. The total cost is expected to be around 15 crores. Corbett Tiger Reserve, Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary and Kaziranga Tiger Reserve have already piloted the project.
The Towers would be made highlighting the areas which have maximum tiger density and maximum man – wildlife conflict.
Explaining the features – the energy requirement would be sourced from renewable sources. The alarm can be sounded if tiger is seen moving towards villages. 15 waterholes have already been covered as part of pilot project and got wonderful response. This can also be integrated in new system.
After the encouraging numbers from tiger census in 2014 the state also plans to develop Tadoba – Andhari, Mumbai’s Sanjay Gandhi National Park and Nagpur Gorewada zoo on the lines of International forest tourism destinations – perhaps like Kenya’s Masai Mara.