Advance e-surveillance in Tadoba National Park

When Technology can effect human lives – it can be implemented in preservation and tracking of wildlife. Maharashtra will get the advance electronic surveillance system for tigers. State Govt has approved 50 high – resolution tower-mounted cameras that will track animal movement and prevent poaching in Tadoba Tiger Reserve. It also would help avoid Man – animal conflict by forewarning villagers in the area.

The above decision is taken by the state govt after understanding the density of tigers in Vidharbha and Chandrapur area in Maharashtra. This is going to be big help for Jungle authorities to study and understand the animal behavior in much unobtrusive manner.

Tadoba Tiger reserve is spread over 625 sq km core area and 1100 sq km buffer. As of now 72 tigers roam in Tadoba and another 50 big cats in Chandrapur area. The best part is that this is scalable solution. If required, it can be installed in buffer areas as required. The idea is taken from movies – one control room getting feed from whole city for the surveillance. The network of 52 towers with cameras would monitor wildlife and intruders real-time round the clock. This will keep the landscape secure, prevent poaching and help understand wildlife behavior in an undisturbed manner added by Praveen Srivastava – Additional principal chief conservator of forests ( IT and Policy ) Maharashtra.

These Cameras can be zoomed 30 times remotely controlled and equipped with night vision. The total cost is expected to be around 15 crores. Corbett Tiger Reserve, Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary and Kaziranga Tiger Reserve have already piloted the project.

The Towers would be made highlighting the areas which have maximum tiger density and maximum man – wildlife conflict.

Explaining the features – the energy requirement would be sourced from renewable sources. The alarm can be sounded if tiger is seen moving towards villages. 15 waterholes have already been covered as part of pilot project and got wonderful response. This can also be integrated in new system.

After the encouraging numbers from tiger census in 2014 the state also plans to develop Tadoba – Andhari, Mumbai’s Sanjay Gandhi National Park and Nagpur Gorewada zoo on the lines of International forest tourism destinations – perhaps like Kenya’s Masai Mara.

Unsung Lion Queens of Gir National Park

Talk about #Gir Forest – you would answer #AsiaticLions home as it is most protected areas in the world.

The journey of conversation started in the year 1900 when only 12 of the beasts were left. Today, thanks to some amazing efforts by the Government and forest authorities – there are 523 of them. Much of the credit also goes to Gir forests Guards and its animal rescue team – All women team.

Housed in the state of Gujrat it has dry deciduous trees and was declared #wildlife sanctuary in 1965. Ten years later it was declared sacrosanct – #National Park. The park also has #leopards, #deers, #langurs, #snakes, hyenas, jungle cats and crocodiles.

The base was created for all women team in 2007. Forest department created 33% quota for women. The authorities never thought they would get recruits like Raseela Wadher who shunned the desk job and joined frontlines for wildlife rescues. Every year more and more women undergo intensive training before joining and perhaps only women’s brigade in the world which manages the habitat and big cats.

The brigade is rightly called Lion Queens have rescued – 627 lions over the years. Not sure if this feat has been achieved elsewhere in the world.

None of the women team rescues as many as 600 animals annually – which boils down to 2 rescues per day. Their job description includes – arresting poachers, dealing with irate villagers, retrieving stuck pythons and tranquilizing rogue monkeys playing havoc in nearby villages. Their favorite part still is attending and nursing the vulnerable little cubs and other baby animals till they are old enough to survive on their own.

Every Lion Queen comes from non-privileged background – perhaps not supported by their families to work as forest guards. They had to deal with Male dominancy in this field and inherent dangers of the job.

Raseela has found herself in dangers many times to elaborate the above point. Her Experience was dreadful when she had lead the team to rescue the injured lion. They tried to tranquilize the beast to rescue him. They misfired the shot and Lion attacked them – they kept their cool like cats and boarded the vehicle and Lion retreated in the jungle.

Kiran Pithiya has got special task of studying the movement and changes in lions behavior. Kiran is responsible for saving 19 lions. She has worked through her pregnancy and keeps a watch on lions on her bike in the forest. It was her third trimester when she was to keep the watch on newborn cubs and movement of her mother. She was doing the same readings on one fine day when it got really dark. As she left the area the lioness got provoked and started chasing Kiran. Kiran realized the danger and instead of increasing the speed turned around and started shooing away the lioness. The Lioness perhaps understood the signal of forest protector and turned back. Had she tried speeding her life could have been in danger.

True to their given name – these girls are solely attached to their core aim of preserving the population of Asiatic lions on the planet. Looking after all animals and their young ones which call Gir their home. By employing them for these posts, the forest department has not given empowerment to rural women of Gir but also ensured a more compassionate environment for the animals.