Renamed from Ramganga to jim Corbett National Park is an ode to the hunter turned conservationist cum Author Colonel Jim Corbett. Located on foothills of HImalayas, it is one of the most scenic national parks with rich bio-diversity. Tigers, Asian Elephants, Leopards, Sloth Bears, Deers, Crocodiles, Gharials, King Cobras and over 580 species of birds including water fowl, 17 types of woodpecker, raptors like the Pallas fishing eagle, harriers and kites, peafowl, kalij pheasant, the rare chir pheasant, red jungle fowl, minivets, shrikes, cuckoos, drongos and barbets. The stand out point here is the accommodation inside the forest, in the Governmenr managed Rest houses. Located beautifully every rest house is a master piece, but it is Dhikala which is preferred due to its strategic location next to the river, which attracts lot of big and small wildlife. I (Sharad Vats) have had some wonderful experiences while staying here. Basic accommodation, and vegetarian food, and if you are willing to sacrifice the comfort of air-conditioning then this is the place to be while in Corbett.
Corbett is regarded as one of the true bird parks of the world. Out of the 2,060 species and subspecies of birds recorded in the Indian subcontinent, over 600 species/subspecies of birds have been recorded from Corbett at one time or another. This number is greater than the total number of bird species found in Europe and represents around one fourth of the available diversity found in India. Out of the 69 species of raptors found in India, 49 can be seen in Corbett making it a striking element of the local avifauna. The reserve, which covers 520 sq. kms. is not less than a paradise for bird-watchers. European bird-watchers are some of the keenest visitors to the reserve during winters when the bird diversity is at its peak.
India's first and finest park spread over 520 sq. kms. along the banks of the Ramganga river, just 300 kms. northeast of Delhi in the foothills of the Himalayas is the Corbett National Park. Established initially as Hailey National Park on August 8, 1936, in honour of Sir Malcolm Hailey, then governor of the United Provinces, the name was changed to Ramganga National Park in 1952. In 1957, it was finally named as Corbett National Park in honour and memory of the latc Jim Corbett, the legendary hunter, naturalist-turned-author and photographer who had helped in setting up the park and demarcating its boundaries.
Birds which can be spotted at the banks of River Ramganga on the outskirts of Corbett Park include Brown Fish Owl, Himalayan Kingfisher, Brown Dipper and Plumbeous/White-Capped Redstarts. One can also see Little/Staty backed Forktails and Mountain/Rufousbellied Hawk-Eagles here. Inside Corbett Park, Blue Whistling Thrush and Red Jungle Fowl are immediate possibilities. But with some efforts one can spot Oriental White-eye, Jungle Owlet, Alexandrine Parakeet, Himalayan Swiftlet, Lesser Fish-Eagle or even Great Thick-knee, Stork-billed Kingfisher and many more. Mammals include Tiger, Indian Elephant, Chital, Sambhar, Muntjack (Barking Deer), Hog Deer and Common Langur. A trip to these magnificent Sanctuaries will also take you through Jaipur (Pink City) and Agra (City of Taj) which will add the experience of Indian culture, heritage, history and hospitality to your memories.
[Deer, Corbett National Park] With elevations in the Park ranging from 400m to 1210m there is a rich diversity in habitat. Animals of the Himalayas and those of peninsular India can both be seen here and over 50 mammal and 25 reptile species have been recorded at Corbett. Among the predators are the tiger, leopard, diverse species of lesser cats and the dhole - the wild dog.
There are antelopes (nilgai and ghoral) varieties of deer (hog deer, sambhar, chital or spotted deer and barking deer), the primates (rhesus and langur) and other animals like jackals, foxes, civets, wild boar, sloth bear, black bear and a range of reptiles including the cobra, python and two species of crocodile. The rare fish eating, long snouted gharial and the more robust mugger can be seen basking along the sand banks and pools of the Ramganga. The river which is also noted for its sporting fish, the mighty mahaseer and the malee is popular with anglers.
Corbett is the home of 580 species of birds including water fowl, 17 types of woodpecker, raptors like the Pallas fishing eagle, harriers and kites, peafowl, kalij pheasant, the rare chir pheasant, red jungle fowl, minivets, shrikes, cuckoos, drongos and barbets. A fine reservoir on the river formed with the building of a dam at Kalagarh now attracts diverse species of water birds - both local and migratory. With its avian variety Corbett is a marvelous location for bird watchers also.
Mammals :Tiger, Corbett National Park Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Spotted deer (Axis axis), Samber (Cervus unicolor), Hog deer (Axis percinus), Braking deer (Muntiacus muntjak), Wild boar (Sus scrofa), Langoor (Presbutis entellus) and Rhesus monkey (Macaque mulatto).
Birds : Peacock, Jungle fowl, Partidges, Kaleej, Crow, Vulture, Parakeets, Laughing thrush, Orioles, Kingfishers, Drongo, Doves, Woodpeckers, Ducks, Teals, Storks, Cormorants and Seagulls.
Reptiles : Indian Marsh crocodile or Mugger (Crocodilus palustris), Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), King Cobra (Naja bungarus), Common Krait (Bungarus caoruleus), Cobra (Naja naja), Russel Viper (Vipera ruselli) and Python (Python molorus) and Monitor Lizard.
Pisces : Mahaseer (Barbus tor), Kalimuchi (Barbus chilinoides), kalabasu (Labeo calabasu), Chilwa (Oxygastro bacaila) and Goonch (Bargarius bargarius).
Corbett Wildlife Park
Tiger, Corbett National ParkNestling in the foothills of the Himalayas, the Corbett National Park extends over an area of 520.82sq.km. Varied topography and vegetation gives Corbett a rich diversity in habitats and natural beauty. Flat valleys are interspersed with hilly ridges and the Park's rolling grasslands known as the Chaurs provide visitors with an excellent view of its inhabitants. The magnificent Ramganga River flows through the entire length of the Park and little forest streams tumble through the ravines.
While dense stands of sal cloak the higher ridges, mixed deciduous forests are found throughout the Park and over 110 varieties of trees, 51 species of shrubs and over 33 kinds of bamboos and grasses are seen here.
Corbett has the highest density of tiger in the Country - approximately one every 5 sq.km. and it was Elephant Safari, Corbett National Parkhere that the prestigious "Project Tiger" was launched in 1973. Four of deer - hog deer, samber, chital and barking deer and other prey like the wild boar, support the predator.
Besides the tiger, Corbett is a haven for 50 mammals, 580 kinds of birds and 25 reptile species. The Park has elephants, the Himalayan black , bear in the higher elevations, sloth bear, varieties of lesser cats, dhole -the wild dog and an entire spectrum of colourful birds including water birds, pheasants, jungle fowl and the Indian hornbill.
Basking along the banks of the Ramganga are the slender snouted gharial and the mugger or marsh crocodile. The river is rich in the magnificent mahaseer - a fine sporting fish prized by anglers, though angling is not permitted inside the National Park. Excellent facilities for staying and viewing wildlife make Corbett one of the finest reserves in India.
How to Reach Corbett
Best Time to Visit: November- May.
Nearest Town: Ramnagar (51 Km)
How to Get Here:
Air: Pantnagar (110 Km)
Rail: Ramnagar (51 km).